Cashmere’s environmental impact
It takes four goats to produce enough fibre to make a single cashmere sweater, whereas one sheep produces enough fibre to make five wool sweaters. This is why cashmere has traditionally been considered a luxury material, though today it is ubiquitous.
To meet the demand for accessible, affordable cashmere products, farmers have massively increased their herds – leading to the widespread desertification of the Mongolian grasslands. Around 70% of this once-verdant terrain has been damaged and overgrazed by the roughly 30 million cashmere goats there now. By comparison, there were only 2.3 million goats in Mongolia in 1994.